Rose Titanic, the world’s most powerful volcano, rises from its crater
SANTA ROSA, Calif.
— A towering white mountain rises from the crater of Mount Rose Titantic in the Santa Rosa Mountains of California.
The peak is named after the mythical god of the sea and the volcano has been erupting since 1980.
It’s also been a tourist attraction, but now, after more than 20 years of drought, there’s a new threat: Rose Titantic is about to erupt again.
Scientists say it’s the highest eruption in the last 300 years and the first since 1900.
“The crater is about two-thirds of the height of Mount St. Helens,” said Chris Felt, a professor of geology at Santa Rosa State University.
“We think this volcano has a very long history of erupting.”
The eruption began on Aug. 11, 1980.
It’s been dormant since then.
rose from its surface, which was covered by soil and rock, in less than a year.
It took nearly a decade to reach its peak.
For most of the time, the volcano had been dormant, but in 2015, it began spewing lava.
As it heated up, it spewed ash, sulfur dioxide and water.
Over the years, it has been spewing ash from the summit crater, causing damage to homes and buildings.
In 2017, it was the deadliest eruption on record.
People have been killed, but this is the first time it’s been on the order of that magnitude, said Bill Seltz, a seismologist at Santa Clara University.
Seltz and his colleagues used an advanced seismic technique to measure the height, speed and location of the volcano.
They concluded that, after erupting for more than three years, the crater is now about 60 feet (18 meters) high and has been emitting more ash and lava for decades.
What makes this volcano special is its ability to spew so much ash and so much lava, said Jim Tice, a geologist at the University of California, Santa Cruz.
A new volcano in California.
What can you expect?
“This is a new type of eruption,” he said.
“I would say there are no natural processes that can cause this kind of eruption.”
It erupted from the volcano’s central caldera, an area of hot, acidic water.
Its ash, which is more than 10 times the volume of rain that falls in a single year, is being carried over millions of feet, or kilometers, into the Pacific Ocean.
Tice said this is a unique event, because the volcano can erupt without any natural processes.
At Rose Mtn., water is being forced from the calderas and transported to the Pacific, where it is pumped through a giant dam.
Once that happens, water flows down the sides of the dam, to the bottom of the mountain, where a channel carries it to the sea.
Eventually, the water will be pumped up to the surface and released into the ocean.
When it does, the hot water will melt a massive volume of the soil and soil-rock.
The ash will be deposited in the calideras, and it will continue to pour down the side of the crater, eventually reaching the ocean, where scientists can see it.
Because the volcano is dormant, the ash is not being transported to its mouth, but to the ocean’s surface, where the water is pumped out and the ash will sink to the seafloor.
During the eruption, the area surrounding the crater has been blanketed in an ash layer of up to 20 feet (6 meters) thick.
If the volcano continues to erupt, that ash layer could become unstable.
Experts are warning that if it continues, the damage could be catastrophic.
California has been under a drought for about a decade, but it is expected to see another drought in the next couple of years, according to the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration.
Felt said the volcano may erupt again if conditions remain as they are today.